Let's Connect&Show MongoDB with Laravel!

NoSQL is popular these days...The processing speed is fast.
So let's operate and display MongoDB from Laravel!

Fortunately, drivers with abundant functions are prepared in PHP and Laravel, so it's super easy to implement! Let's do it.

Sample Project

I'll distribute the sample project as usual this time as well.

Rename the .env.example file to .env, enter your Mongo credentials, and use it with php artisan serve!

But please read the whole thing and understand how it works, even if you're just "in the mood"...

DEV Envinorment

Laravel is an active project and the specifications can change quite a bit depending on the version!
In this article, I'll use the Laravel 6.x LTS series that I usually use.

OS -> Ubuntu 20.04.2 LTS (GNU/Linux 5.4.0-74-generic x86_64)
Laravel -> Laravel Framework 6.20.32
PHP -> PHP 7.4.3 (cli) (built: Jul 5 2021 15:13:35) ( NTS )
MongoDB -> 4.4.6

Envinorment Setting

First, create the Laravel Project via Composer.

composer create-project laravel/laravel mongodb-sample "6.*"

Make MongoDB available

Install the MongoDB driver for PHP using Pecl.
(Pecl comes with PHP when you install it.)

pecl install mongodb

And introduced a library via Composer that allows query builders etc. to be used in the Laravel project.

Composer require jenssegers/mongodb

[Note]
which package version to include depends on your Laravel version!
You can find it on GitHub below. For Laravel 6.x series, use 3.6.x!
Official Documentation

Make sample Database

As a preliminary step, We will create a sample collection.
Type the following directly into the mongo shell, and a collection named Post will be created.

use <DB Name>
db.post.insertOne({"body": "Orange","date": "2021-08-19"});
db.post.insertOne({"body": "Grape","date": "2021-08-22"});
db.post.insertOne({"body": "Apple","date": "2021-08-17"});

※When using MongoDB Compass (CRUD software for GUI), you can create it just by reading the following JSON.
JSON File

Implemented with Laravel!

Edit Config

Edit/add to the following contents in the Config directory.
/config/app.php(Edit)

<?php
// ~Omitted~
    'providers' => [

// Add the following to End.
        Jenssegers\Mongodb\MongodbServiceProvider::class,
// ~Omitted~
    'aliases' => [
// Add the following to End.
        'Moloquent' => Jenssegers\Mongodb\Eloquent\Model::class,

/config/database.php(Edit)

<?php
//  'default' => env('DB_CONNECTION', 'mysql'),
    'default' => env('DB_CONNECTION', 'mongodb'),

    'connections' => [
// Added immediately after.
        'mongodb' => [
            'driver' => 'mongodb',
            'host' => env('DB_HOST'),
            'port' => env('DB_PORT'),
            'database' => env('DB_DATABASE'),
            // If you have login restrictions, you also need the following.
       'username' => env('DB_USERNAME'),
            'password' => env('DB_PASSWORD'),
        ],

Credentials in .env

DB_CONNECTION=mysql
DB_HOST=127.0.0.1
DB_PORT=3306
DB_DATABASE=xxxx
DB_USERNAME=xxxx
DB_PASSWORD=secret
# Delete the above and replace with the below, and enter the information as appropriate.
DB_CONNECTION=mongodb
DB_HOST=127.0.0.1
DB_PORT=27017
DB_DATABASE=xxxx

Make Model

Next, we will create the Model, which is "M" in MVC.
That's handy because we can use them separately for each collection!

php artisan make:model Models/Post

This will automatically create a Model in /app/Models, so please copy and paste all of the following and replace it.

/app/Models/Post.php(New)

<?php
namespace App\Models;
use Jenssegers\Mongodb\Eloquent\Model as Moloquent;

class Post extends Moloquent
{
    protected $collection = 'post';
}

Create a Routing

routes/web.php(Edit)
<?php
Route::get('/', 'TestController@index');
// ↑ When you access /, it will reference the TestController.

Create a Controller

Well, that's the point. Create a controller with the following artisan command.

php artisan make:controller TestController

Then copy and paste all of the following.
/app/Http/Controllers/TestController.php(New)

<?php
namespace App\Http\Controllers;
use Illuminate\Http\Request;
use App\Models\Post;

class TestController extends Controller
{
    static function index() {
        $posts = Post::orderBy('_id', 'desc')->get();
        return view('Test', ['posts' => $posts]);
    }
}

Create View

Finally, create a View and you're done!
I used Blade.It's the one that receives the variable from the Controller and displays it in foreach.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="ja">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="ie=edge">
    <title>MongoDB Show</title>
</head>
<body>
    <div>Data Count:{{ count($posts) }}</div><br>
    <!-- You can use the count() function to output the number of data in the collection. -->
    <ul>
        @foreach ($posts as $post)
            <li>{{ 'Date:' . $post['date'] . ' | Value:' . $post['body'] }}</li>
        @endforeach
    </ul>
</body>
</html>

That's All!

Operation Check

Start the build-in server with php artisan serve, access http://localhost:8000/, and if you can see it without any problems, successful!

I'll also post it on the repo on GitHub. Please try it. (GitHub pushes only laravel diff directories/files)

Please also check the blog and Twitter@ichii731 if you like :D

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