Learn Command Line

Command Line notes

Where am i? What's here? How do i console.log?

pwd
ls
echo 'hello Scrimba!'

CRU(M)D

# create
mkdir cmd-session
cd cmd-session
touch script.sh

mkdir sub-folder

# read
ls sub-folder
cat script.sh

# move/update
mv script.sh sub-folder/script.sh
mv script.sh new-name-new-file.sh

# delete
rm script.sh
rm -rf sub-folder

Execute

Create a script.sh, example:

# touch script.sh, open it and write something like:
echo "hello, running script!"
echo "where am i?"
pwd
echo "ok, let's go somewhere else!"
cd /code
pwd
echo "that's better"

To execute a script:

./script.sh

### oh no, permission denied! what now?

Permissions

# see permissions
ls -l
# they are repeated, 3 times, for user (owner of the file), group of users, everyone else.
# -rwx - read, write, execute
# to change permissions
chmod u+x ./script.sh

Alias

alias script='~/script.sh'
# is this an alias?
type script

Getting help and Man pages

node --help # -- is how you indicate a flag, -h is a shorthand, so node -h is the same.

For linux's own utilities, --help wouldn't work, so they have man manual command.

man ls

For a more visually pleasant man pages:
https://explainshell.com/

Bonus: Search

grep 'echo' ./script.sh

grep '<body>' ./
# grep: ./: Is a directory error, so you need to add recursive flag to search through directories
grep -r '<body>' ./

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